Russia's agricultural production is expected to increase by over 2% in 2020
30 Dec, 2020
In 2020, agriculture in Russia is showing improvements in all key areas. Positive results remain in crop production, livestock production, food and processing industries.In the first 11 months of the year, the agricultural production index has reached 101.5%, the food industry index has reached 103.9%, and the beverage production index has reached 101.3%.
“In general, the volume of agricultural production is expected to increase by over 2% by the end of the year. According to preliminary data, in 2020, Russia had one of the largest grain harvests with 133 million tonnes in net weight. Meanwhile, the gross harvest of wheat amounted to 85.9 million tonnes. This enables to fully meet the needs of the domestic market for grain, including supplying processing plants and livestock farms, and ensuring further development of agriculture,” the Minister of Agriculture of Russia Dmitry Patrushev said.
The oilseeds harvest is projected to exceed 21 million tonnes. Despite weather conditions in some regions, this year's sunflower harvest amounted to 13.3 million tonnes, above the long-term average. Rapeseed production at 2.6 million tonnes was also a record. The soybean harvest amounted to approximately 4.3 million tonnes, the same as last year.
In recent years, Russia has seen an increase in the production of vegetables, fruits, and berries, leading to a decline in imports. Compared to 2014, imports of tomatoes have almost halved, and imports of pears and apples have decreased by 36%. This year, approximately 6.8 million tonnes of vegetables were harvested, with a record of over 1.3 million tonnes harvested in winter greenhouses. The harvest of fruit and berries increased by 2.2% to 3.5 million tonnes.
The livestock industry is also showing positive results. The production of livestock and poultry for slaughter (live weight) in 2020 is estimated to reach 15.6 million tonnes, an increase of 3.2% compared to 2019. In particular, pig production increased by 9.1% to 5.5 million tonnes, cattle production increased by 0.2% to 2.8 million tonnes, and poultry production increased by 0.4% to 6.7 million tonnes. Milk production is expected to grow by 2.5% to 32.1 million tonnes, and eggs by 0.4% to 45.1 billion ones.
The agricultural sector development is boosted by improved state support measures, technical and technological modernisation, development of its scientific potential, and increased demand for agricultural products and foodstuffs. This year's agricultural sector performance allows for meeting the domestic market needs for basic foodstuffs and ensuring domestic food security in key areas.